Sikhism is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of South Asia during the 15th century. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a family life. Being one of the youngest amongst the major world religions, with c. 25 - 28 million adherents worldwide, Sikhism is the ninth-largest religion in the world.
Sikhism is a recognised minority religion in Thailand, with about 70,000 adherents. The religion was brought by migrants from India who began to arrive in the late 19th century. There are about twenty Sikh temples or Gurdwaras in the country, including the Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha in Bangkok.
Male Sikhs have "Singh" (Lion) as their middle or last name. Sikhs who have undergone the Sikh initiation ceremony aka khanḍe-kī-pahul may also be recognised by The Five Ks: (i) kesh, uncut hair which is kept covered, usually by a turban; (ii) a kara, an iron or steel bracelet; (iii) a kirpan, a sword tucked into a gatra strap or a kamal kasar belt; (iv) a kachehra, a cotton undergarment; and (v) a kanga, a small wooden comb. Initiated male and female Sikhs must cover their hair with a turban.
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